VIC Model References

Primary Historical Reference

Liang, X., D. P. Lettenmaier, E. F. Wood, and S. J. Burges, 1994: A Simple hydrologically Based Model of Land Surface Water and Energy Fluxes for GSMs, J. Geophys. Res., 99(D7), 14,415-14,428.

Other Historical References

Adam, J.C., and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2008: Application of new precipitation and reconstructed streamflow products to streamflow trend attribution in Northern Eurasia, J. Climate, 21(8), 1807-1828.

Andreadis, K., P. Storck, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2009: Modeling snow accumulation and ablation processes in forested environments, Water Resour. Res., 45, W05429, doi:10.1029/2008WR007042.

Bohn, T. J., B. Livneh, J. W. Oyler, S. W. Running, B. Nijssen, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2013a: Global evaluation of MTCLIM and related algorithms for forcing of ecological and hydrological models, Agr. Forest. Meteorol., 176, 38-49, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.03.003.

Bohn, T. J., E. Podest, R. Schroeder, N. Pinto, K. C. McDonald, M. Glagolev, I. Filippov, S. Maksyutov, M. Heimann, X. Chen, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2013b: Modeling the effects of surface moisture heterogeneity on wetland carbon fluxes in the West Siberian Lowland, Biogeosciences, 10, 6559-6576, doi:10.5194/bg-10-6559-2013.

Bohn, T. J., and E. R. Vivoni, 2015: Process-based characterization of evapotranspiration sources in the North American monsoon region, Water Resour. Res., accepted.

Bowling, L. C., J. W. Pomeroy and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2004: Parameterization of blowing snow sublimation in a macroscale hydrology model, J. Hydromet., 5(5), 745-762, doi: 10.1175/1525-7541.

Bowling, L.C. and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2010: Modeling the effects of lakes and wetlands on the water balance of Arctic Environments, J. Hydromet., 11, 276-295, doi: 10.1175/2009JHM1084.1.

Cherkauer, K. A. and D. P. Lettenmaier, 1999: Hydrologic effects of frozen soils in the upper Mississippi River basin, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D16), 19,599-19,610.

Cherkauer, K. A., L. C. Bowling, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2003: Variable infiltration capacity cold land process model updates, Global and Planetary Change, 38, 151-159.

Gao, H., Q. Tang, X. Shi, C. Zhu, T. J. Bohn, F. Su, J. Sheffield, M. Pan, D. P. Lettenmaier, and E. F. Wood, 2010: Water Budget Record from Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) Model. In Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for Terrestrial Water Cycle Data Records (unpublished).

Liang, X., 1994: A Two-Layer Variable Infiltration Capacity Land Surface Representation for General Circulation Models, Water Resour. Series, TR140, 208 pp., Univ. of Washington, Seattle.

Liang, X., D. P. Lettenmaier, E. F. Wood, 1996: One-dimensional Statistical Dynamic Representation of Subgrid Spatial Variability of Precipitation in the Two-Layer Variable Infiltration Capacity Model, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D16) 21,403-21,422.

Liang, X., E. F. Wood, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 1996: Surface soil moisture parameterization of the VIC-2L model: Evaluation and modifications, Global and Planetary Change, 13, 195-206.

Liang, X., E. F. Wood, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 1999: Modeling ground heat flux in land surface parameterization schemes, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D8), 9581-9600.

Liang, X., and Z. Xie, 2001: A new surface runoff parameterization with subgrid-scale soil heterogeneity for land surface models, Advances in Water Resources, 24(9-10), 1173-1193.

Streamflow Routing Model References

Primary Historical Reference

Lohmann, D., R. Nolte-Holube, and E. Raschke, 1996: A large-scale horizontal routing model to be coupled to land surface parametrization schemes, Tellus, 48(A), 708-721.

Lohmann, D., E. Raschke, B. Nijssen and D. P. Lettenmaier, 1998: Regional scale hydrology: I. Formulation of the VIC-2L model coupled to a routing model, Hydrol. Sci. J., 43(1), 131-141.

Other Historical References

Lohmann, D., E. Raschke, B. Nijssen, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 1998: Regional Scale Hydrology: II. Application of the VIC-2L Model to the Weser River, Germany, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 43(1), 143-157.

Nijssen, B.N., D.P. Lettenmaier, X. Liang, S.W. Wetzel, and E.F. Wood, 1997: Streamflow simulation for continental-scale river basins, Water Resour. Res., 33(4), 711-724.

Selected Application References

Abdulla, F.A., D.P. Lettenmaier, E.F. Wood and J.A. Smith, 1996: Application of a macroscale hydrologic model to estimate the water balance of the Arkansas-Red river basin, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D3), 7449-7459.

Adam, J.C. and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2003: Adjustment of global gridded precipitation for systematic bias, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D9), 1-14, doi:10.1029/2002JD002499.

Adam, J.C., E.A. Clark, D.P. Lettenmaier, and E.F. Wood, 2006: Correction of Global Precipitation Products for Orographic Effects, J. Clim., 19(1), 15-38, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3604.1.

Beyene, T., D.P. Lettenmaier, and P. Kabat, 2009: Hydrologic impacts of climate change on the Nile River basin: Implications of the 2007 IPCC climate scenarios, Climatic Change, online first, doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9693-0.

Cuo, L., D.P. Lettenmaier D.P., M. Alberti, and J.E. Richey, 2009: Effects of a century of land cover and climate change on the hydrology of Puget Sound basin, Hydrological Processes, 23, 907-933.

Gao, H., T. J. Bohn, E. Podest, K. C. McDonald, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2011: On the causes of the shrinking of Lake Chad, Env. Res. Lett., 6, 034021, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034021.

Haddeland, I., D.P. Lettenmaier, and T. Skaugen, 2006a: Reconciling simulated moisture fluxes resulting from alternate hydrologic model time steps and energy budget closure assumptions, J. Hydromet., 7(3), 355-370, doi: 10.1175/JHM496.1.

Haddeland, I., D.P. Lettenmaier, and T. Skaugen, 2006b: Effects of irrigation on the water and energy balances of the Colorado and Mekong river basins, J. Hydrol., 324(1-4), 210-223, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.09.028.

Hamlet, A.F. and D.P. Lettenmaier, 1999: Effects of Climate Change on Hydrology and Water Resources in the Columbia River Basin, Am. Water Res. Assoc., 35(6), 1597-1623.

Hamlet, A.F. and D.P. Lettenmaier, 1999: Columbia River Streamflow Forecasting Based on ENSO and PDO Climate Signals, ASCE J. of Water Res. Planning and Mgmt., 125(6), 333-341.

Hamlet, A.F. and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2000: Long-Range Climate Forecasting and its Use for Water Management in the Pacific Northwest Region of North America,J. Hydroinformatics, 02.3, 163-182.

Leung, L.R., A.F. Hamlet, D.P. Lettenmaier and A. Kumar, 1999: Simulations of the ENSO Hydroclimate Signals in the Pacific Northwest Columbia River Basin, Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 80(11), 2313-2329.

Liang, X., E. F. Wood, D. Lohmann, D.P. Lettenmaier, and others, 1998: The Project for Intercomparison of Land-surface Parameterization Schemes (PILPS) Phase-2c Red-Arkansas River Basin Experiment: 2. Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Energy Fluxes, J. Global and Planetary Change, 19, 137-159.

Livneh B, E.A. Rosenberg, C. Lin, B. Nijssen, V. Mishra, K. Andreadis, E.P. Maurer, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2013: A long-term hydrologically based data set of land surface fluxes and states for the conterminous United States: Updates and extensions, Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00508.1.

Lohmann, D. E. Raschke, B. Nijssen and D.P. Lettenmaier, 1998: Regional scale hydrology: II. Application of the VIC-2L model to the Weser river, Germany, _ Hydrol. Sci. J._, 43(1), 143-158.

Mattheussen, B., R.L. Kirschbaum, I.A. Goodman, G.M. O'Donnell and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2000: Effects of land cover change on streamflow in the interior Columbia river basin (USA and Canada), _ Hydrol. Process._, 14, 867-885.

Maurer, E.P., G.M. O'Donnell, D.P. Lettenmaier, and J.O. Roads, 2001: Evaluation of the Land Surface Water Budget in NCEP/NCAR and NCEP/DOE Reanalyses using an Off-line Hydrologic Model. J. Geophys. Res., 106(D16), 17,841-17,862.

Maurer, E.P., G.M. O'Donnell, D.P. Lettenmaier, and J.O. Roads, 2001: Evaluation of NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Water and Energy Budgets using Macroscale Hydrologic Simulations, In: Land Surface Hydrology, Meteorology, and Climate: Observations and Modeling, AGU series in Water Science and Applications, V. Lakshmi, J. Albertson, and J. Schaake eds.,pp. 137-158.

Mishra, V., K. A. Cherkauer, and L. C. Bowling, 2010: Parameterization of Lakes and Wetlands for Energy and Water Balance Studies in the Great Lakes Region, J. Hydromet., 11(5), 1057-1082.

Munoz-Arriola, F., R. Avissar, C. Zhu, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2009: Sensitivity of the Water resources of Rio Yaqui Basin, Mexico to agriculture extensification under multi-scale climate conditions, Water Resour. Res. 45, W00A20, doi:10.1029/2007WR006783.

Nijssen, B.N., D.P. Lettenmaier, X. Liang, S.W. Wetzel, and E.F. Wood, 1997: Streamflow simulation for continental-scale river basins, Water Resour. Res., 33(4), 711-724.

Nijssen, B.N., R. Schnur and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2001: Global retrospective estimation of soil moisture using the Variable Infiltration Capacity land surface model, 1980-1993, J. Clim., 14(8), 1790-1808, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<1790:GREOSM>2.0.CO;2.

Nijssen, B.N., G.M. O'Donnell, D.P. Lettenmaier and E.F. Wood, 2001: Predicting the discharge of global rivers, J. Clim., 14(15), 3307-3323, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3307:PTDOGR>2.0.CO;2.

Nijssen, B.N., G.M. O'Donnell, A.F. Hamlet, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2001: Hydrologic sensitivity of global rivers to climate change, Climatic Change, 50(1-2), 143-175, doi: 10.1023/A:1010616428763.

Shi, X., M. Wild, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2010: Surface radiative fluxes over the pan-Arctic land region: Variability and trends. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D22104, doi:10.1029/2010JD014402.

Shukla, S., A. C. Steinemann, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2010: Drought Monitoring for Washington State: Indicators and Applications, Journal of Hydrometeorology, EOR, 10.1175/2010JHM1307.1.

Tang, Q., H. Gao, P. Yeh, T. Oki, F. Su, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2010: Dynamics of terrestrial water storage change from satellite and surface observations and modeling, Journal of Hydrometeorology 11, 156-170. doi:10.1175/2009JHM1152.1.

Wood, E.F., D. Lettenmaier, X. Liang, B. Nijssen and S.W. Wetzel, 1997: Hydrological modeling of continental-scale basins_ Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci._, 25, 279-300.

Other References

Bras, R. F., 1990: Hydrology, an introduction to hydrologic science, Addison-Wesley.

Brooks, R., and R. Corey, 1964: Hydraulic properties of porous media, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA, 37 pp.

Farouki, O. T., 1981: The thermal properties of soils in cold regions, Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 5(1), 67-75, doi: 10.1016/0165-232X(81)90041-0.

Francini, M., and M. Pacciani, 1991: Comparative analysis of several conceptual rainfall-runoff models, J. Hydrol., 122, 161-219.

Hostetler, S. W., and P. J. Bartlein, 1990: Simulation of lake evaporation with application to modeling lake level variations of Harney-Malheur lake, Oregon, Wat. Res. Resear., 26(10), 2603-2612.

Hostetler, S. W., 1991: Simulation of lake ice and its effect on the late-Pleistocene evaporation rate of Lake Lahontan, Climate Dynamics, 6, 43-48.

Hostetler, S. W., Bartlein, P. J., Clark, P. U., Small, E. E., and A. M. Soloman, 2000: Simulated influences of Lake Agassiz on the climate of central North America 11,000 years ago, Nature, 405(6784), 334-337.

Kimball, J. S., S. W. Running, and R. R. Nemani, 1997: An improved method for estimating surface humidity from daily minimum temperature, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 85, 87-98.

Thornton, P. E., and S. W. Running, 1999: An improved algorithm for estimating incident daily solar radiation from measurements of temperature, humidity, and precipitation, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 93, 211-228.

Thornton, P. E., H. Hasenauer, and M. A. White, 2000: Simultaneous estimation of daily solar radiation and humidity from observed temperature and precipitation: an application over complex terrain in Austria, Agr. Forest Meteorol., 104, 255-271, doi: 10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00170-2.

Ying Fan, E. Wood, M.L. Baeck, and J. Smith. 1996. Fractional Coverage of Rainfall Over a Grid: Analyses of NEXRAD data over the southern Plains. Water Resour. Res., vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 2787-2802, September 1996

Yapo, P., H. Gupta, and S. Sorooshian, 1998: Multi-objective global optimization for hydrologic models, J. Hydrology, 204(1), 83-97.